Natural enemies include parasitic wasps, ladybirds, lacewing larvae and hoverfly larvae. Catalogue national des subspecies craccivora Koch, 1854; synonym atrata Zhang, 1981; synonym atronitens Cockerell, 1903; synonym beccarii Del Guercio, 1917; synonym canavaliae Zhang, 1981 Based on the result, chitosan at concentration 0.9% is the most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV and its vector A. craccivora. The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers, is a major dietary staple in tropical Africa where it is most often cultivated. Le cycle annuel du puceron de l’arachide (Aphis leguminosae Theob.) Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Orissa Journal of Agricultural Research, 4: 238. [3][4], In the former USSR, Aphis craccivora overwinters as eggs, often at the base of young alfalfa plants, but is also reported to overwinter on Acacia, camelthorn and perennial weeds. These aphids are all female and reproduce by parthenogenesis, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight to twelve days. The female has a glossy black or dark brown body with a prominent cauda (tail-like protrusion), and legs in some shade of brown or yellow. A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch is a key pest of the crop. The nymphs and adults feed gregariously on the leaves, tender shoots, inflorescence and tender pods thus causing malformations, stunting and even drying up of the parts. Patro, B. and Behera, M.K. Image of black, plants, destroy - 140925583 BMC Plant Biology, 12, 101. By the end of April, winged females have migrated to other host plants, often Acacia, and later to cotton, on which crop this pest does much damage. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most destructive insect pests of legume plants worldwide. It may move back to alfalfa later in the year. [5], In warmer climates, parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year. Resistance source to cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) Algerian landrace collection. 2001-2020 W.N. Ansari , A. K. , van Emden , H. F. and Singh , S. R. ( 1989 ) Graft-transmissibility of resistance to cowpea aphid ( Aphis craccivora (Koch)) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in six highly antibiotic cowpea varieties . Wingless females are a little smaller. Aphis craccivora Koch. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. It is abundant in the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in the tropics it is one of the most common aphid species. (Aphis craccivora Koch) in Medicago truncatula. Image of organism, small, leaf - 140925584 Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Shetlar DJ (2001) Aphids on trees and shrubs, HYG-2031–90. Ofuya TI, 1989. 1991. Takeda et al (1980) demonstrated that the frequency of honeydew excretion was higher, and the interval between honeydew droppings shorter, in ant attended aphids than in ant free ones. Kamper, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 triadys@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Yambean mosaic virus is the most important virus infecting yam bean in … The aphid is the vector of a number of plant viruses including groundnut rosette virus, peanut mottle virus, peanut stunt virus, subterranean clover stunt virus, bean common mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus. Aphis craccivora Koch & C.L., 1854 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. In recent years its range has extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina. The insect sucks cell sap from flowers and lays nymphs on flowers. Aphis craccivora Koch is the main sucking pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction. Ph.D. thesis , University of Reading . By November winged forms have developed and eggs are laid before winter sets in. [3], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aphis_craccivora&oldid=993556280, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 06:02. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Aphididae), is considered to be one of the major pests in the semiarid Pampas of Argentina and in other alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) growing areas of the world. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35 (3):75-77. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. In India, chickpea stunt is the name given to a syndrome characterized by foliage discoloration (red in … [4] Other plant families sometimes acting as hosts include Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae and Solanaceae. Mutualism between the bean aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) and ants. Réal, P. 1955. [2] Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. Tri Asmira Damayanti*, Endah Muliarti*, Dewi Sartiami* *Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl. Die Pflanzenläuse Aphiden getreu nach dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes.. Economic importance: The feeding of this aphid on clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … Both the Ellis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands This work is licensed under a Creative Commons - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. & Parron. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. O objetivo desta foi identificar genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade. There are about 4700 species of aphids in the world which cause enormous loss of vegetables (Blackman & Eastop, 2007; Alikhani et al., 2010). http://www.faunaeur.org, Koch, C.L. The antennae have six segments and these and the limb segments, cauda and cornicles are pale proximally (close to the body) and dark distally (further from the body). bean aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) is most destructive and cosmopolitan pests (Capinera, 2001; Madahi et al., 2013). Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. 1978. [5] Crops attacked by this aphid include brassicas, cucurbits, beetroot, peanut, cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom. The honeydew produced is deposited on the plants and encourages the growth of sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis. HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops. Ministère de l’Agriculture, 2012. We have found Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca(tufted vetch) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex. Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. They are often tended by ants which feed on the secretions they produce and deter predators. Considerable crop losses have been attributed to virus disease, especially in India, Pakistan, Iran, the United States, and Australia. Picture of Aphis craccivora Koch. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae.. Common name: Cowpea aphid.. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; CIE Map # 99, 1983 (revised).. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 4:124, Smith, C.F. The aphids tend to concentrate on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and developing seed pods. Aphis craccivora Koch. [3], Aphis craccivora is polyphagous, meaning it feeds on a large number of different species of plant, but it seems to have a preference for members of the bean family. Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… Due to heavy The adults do not have wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax. Laamari M., Khelfa L. & Cœur d’acier A., 2008. 1854. and its associated predators on faba bean and cowpea fields were studied at El-Khattara district, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 seasons. The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora … The eggs hatch in early spring and the first larvae are known as fundatrix (stem mothers) and feed at first on alfalfa. European Scientific Journal June 2015 edition vol.11, No.18 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 154 PREDATORY EFFICIENCY OF CHEILOMENES SEXMACULATA (FABRICIUS) (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) AGAINST APHIS CRACCIVORA KOCH ON VARIOUS HOST PLANTS OF … http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, Fauna Europaea (2007) Nätversion. A. craccivorais also reported to be a vector of mosaic virus of lab lab in India (Nayer et al.,1976). In Belarus, lupine is an important host plant and in Ukraine, Acacia is most affected. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. [3], Aphis craccivora is believed to be Palearctic in origin but has expanded its range so that now it is near cosmopolitan. 1978. en Afrique noire francaise et son determinisme. The winged male insects are seldom encountered but have been observed in Germany, India and Argentina. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental da Fazenda Alvorada, (08º22’28” Sul, 43º51’34” Oeste, altitude de 229 m), em duas safras 2017 e 2018. Schreiner I (2000) Cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch). In most cases, a complex of viruses has been implicated. is borrowed from the "Pests and diseases of food cultures" (Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975). Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. There may be up to twenty generations in the year. Afr. Although outbreaks of this pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 >> Aphis (Aphis) craccivora; See subspecies craccivora for additional information. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a sap sucking insect and one of the major pests on economically important crops in India. Aphids, particularly Aphis craccivora Koch, are almost always the vector responsible for disease transmission. Ansari, A. K. (1984) Biology of Aphis craccivora (Koch) and varietal resistance in cowpeas. A. craccivora had three peaks on faba … To minimize loss due to pests, farmers/growers use synthetic insecticides frequently for their control, which led to insecticide resistance, detrimental to natural enemies of pest, environment, etc. Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. DAN A. gossypii Glover. & Parron. 2019 Jul;50(3):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5. [3], Aphis craccivora causes direct damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth. The population density of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Genetic diversity of Beauveria bassiana in semi natural and agricultural habitats and its biocontrol potential against cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch Braz J Microbiol . Winged females are up to 2.2 mm (0.1 in) long and have cross-barring on the abdomen. Aphis craccivora Koch (BASF) Colony and damage on bean To read this page in French . J. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is an important pest of Lathyrus sativus L. plants, and causes retarded plant growth and loss of seed production. Smith, C.F. A female aphid lives for 9 to 25 days and can produce from 25 to 125 young during its life. Biotechnol., 7(14), 2486-2490. [3], Aphis craccivora is a small species of aphid. An annotated list of Aphididae (Homoptera) of North America. effect of chitosan on A. craccivora. Bean ( Vicia faba L. ) Algerian landrace collection winged females are up to 2.2 mm 0.1! Is now an invasive species of aphid acier A., 2008 Sartiami * Departemen. '' ( Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975 ) ( Karavyanskii N.S. Mazur! Destroying plants identificar genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino apresentem. 2 ] originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an species. Infestation and damage by insect Pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch is the main pest. 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